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[III] Lenat, Douglas B. and Brown, John Seely,, "Why AM and EURISKO Appear to Work", this volume.
[IV] Kahn, Kenneth, and Miller, Mark S., "Language Design and Open Systems", this volume.
[V] Rashid, Richard F., "From RIG to Accent to Mach: The Evolution of a Network Operating System", this volume.
[VI] Perlis, Alan, "The Evolution of Software Systems", this volume.
[VII] Stefik, Mark, "The Next Knowledge Medium", this volume.
 Dawkins, Richard, "The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe Without Design (W.W. Norton and Company, New York, 1986
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